Country and Population

Country

Geographical position
Romania is located in the South-East of Europe, on 44 degrees Nordic latitude and 23 degrees Eastern longitude.

Surface
238.391 square km, comparable as surface with Great Britain. Thus Romania is at the 80th place in the world.

Borders and neighboring states
Romania has 5 states as its neighbors.
The overall length of the border is 3.149,9 km.
In the North – East: Republic of Moldavia (681,3 km), North and North-East: Ukraine (649,4 km), in the West: Hungary (448,0 km), in the South-West, Serbia (546,4 km) and in the South: Bulgaria (631.3 km).
In the South-East with the Black Sea with the coast length of 193,5 km.

Capital City
The Capital City of Romania is Bucharest.
The Capital City Bucharest has 228 km ² surface and 2.016.000 inhabitants (9% of the total population). The Capital City is the third important city in the region, after Athens and Istanbul, judging by its size.

Territorial division
Romania is divided into 41 counties and Bucharest.
The counties are as it follows:
Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea, Vrancea

Towns
Romania has 263 towns, among which 25 have over 100000 inhabitants.
Seven towns have more than 300000 inhabitants: Bucharest (over 2 000 000), Iasi (350 000), Timisoara (340 000), Constanta (327 000), Brasov (316 000), Craiova (314 000), Cluj (330.000).
Source: Romanian President’s office

Population

Total: 21.673.328 (update: 1st of March 2003)
Women: 51,2%
Men: 48,8%
Life hope: 71,3 years
Romania is at the 43rd place in the world classification and on the 9th place in Europe as far as the population size.

Minorities
Romanians: 89,5%
Hungarians: 6,6%
Rrom: 2,5%
Others: 1,4%

Religions
Orthodox: 86,8%
Catholics: 4,7%
Protestants: 4,7%
Others: 3,8%

Official language
The official language is Romanian.
The minorities can use their mother tongue in schools, public institutions, press and cultural manifestations.